This chapter lays the groundwork for the remainder of the book. Exhaustive discussion of nature and structure of contemporary nursing knowledge in an appealing and readable design.
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The metaparadigm philosophies conceptual models and theories.
The structure of contemporary nursing knowledge. The metaparadigm philosophies conceptual modelstheories and empirical indicators. Function of an empirical indicator. If the dominant understanding is that knowledge can be applied to or transferred into actions it can affect what is assessed in nursing education wellard et al 2007 and how nurses value the different kinds of knowledge and skills gained in nursing education gerrish 2000 alvsvag and forland 2006 clark and holmes 2007 danielson and berntsson 2007.
The placement of works within the four types reflects a level of abstraction or the preference of the theorist. Here a structural hierarchy of con temporary nursing knowledge is identified and described. A theory of the structure of nursing knowledge is proposed.
Each component of the structuremetaparadigm philosophies conceptual models theories and empirical indicators is defined and its functions are delineated. Distinctions between the components of the structural holarchy of contemporary nursing knowledge. Past definitions of nursing knowledge have included those of conrad 1947 who described nursing knowledge as knowing what the patient wants before she the nurse is asked and katz 1969 who described it as knowledge of the heart.
The structure of contemporary nursing knowledge this chapter lays the groundwork for the remain der of the book. Historically nursing was regarded as a vocation and to some extent was seen as a duty. The types of knowledge levels and examples of each are included in table 4 1the theoretical works presented in chapters 6 to 36 are nursing frameworks organized into four types.
Nursing knowledge is acquired by levels of abstraction from the most abstract to the most concrete thinking and vice versa. Then the distinctions between the components are discussed with special emphass. Using retroductive reasoning to build upon an existing theory the goal of the nursing knowledge pyramid is to integrate disparate forms of nursing knowledge into a comprehensive coherent and useful structure to enhance the learning development automation and accessibility of nursing knowledge.
Structural holarchy of contemporary nursing knowledge in which all compo nents are functionally integrated into an order of wholeness or unity where the largest whole makes up the scheme of nursing knowledge. Here a structural hierarchy of contemporary nursing knowledge is identified and described. Unique borrowed and shared nursing theoriesempirical indicators.
Box 4 1 lists the theorists included in each type. Medical book contemporary nursing knowledge included in the text is the most current bibliography of published literature on conceptual models and theories with yearly updates available on the web.